' [Birth Mother] First Mother Forum: Laws, Searching, Reunion

Laws, Searching, Reunion

State and Federal Laws Related to Adoption
Department of Health and Human Services, Child Welfare Information Gateway
Laws Related to Adoption and State Statute Search.

State laws regarding consent to adoption:
Department of Health and Human Services, Child Welfare Information Gateway

Oregon's Access to Court Records Law
Adoptees over 18 may inspect and copy their adoption court records except the home study just by asking for them at the clerk's office in the courthouse in the county their adoption took place.

First mothers and fathers who consented to the adoption may inspect and copy some of the records with an order from a judge. The judge must allow access unless the judge finds a good reason not to grant access which is not likely.

Instructions and forms are on the Oregon Judicial Department's website.

Colorado's Access to Documents Mothers Signed
First mothers who surrendered their children in Colorado may obtain their child's original birth certificate. Mothers who voluntarily relinquished their child may obtain copies of all documents they signed. 

For information on this new law and Colorado's law allowing adoptees access to their original birth certificates, see Adoptees in Search.

Hawaii
Natural parents, adoptees, and adoptive parents  can get their child's entire court file including after the original birth certificate adoptees turns 18. For forms and information about this law, see Adoption Circle of Hawai'i.

States Allowing Adoptees Access to Original Birth Certificates
Alabama
Alaska
Arkansas--effective 7/1/17 Mothers have one year to demand their names be redacted; if they do, they have to provide medical information
Colorado--with first mother veto
Connecticut--for adoptees born after 10/1/1983
Delaware with first mother veto
Hawaii
Illinois--with first mother veto
Indiana--for adoptees born between 1941-1994 with first mother veto
Kansas
Maine
Massachusetts--for adoptees born before 1974 and after 2007
Missouri--adoptees born before 1941 can get their original birth certificates after 8/28/16; adoptees born after that date can get their birth certificates after 1/19/18 
Montana-- for persons adopted prior to 10/1/97, access at 30 years post birth; for persons adopted on or after 10/1/97, access at 18 years with first mother right to remove potential disclosure veto made only at the time of relinquishment. No new disclosure vetoes available post relinquishment; effective 10/1/2015
New Hampshire
New Jersey--effective 1/1/2017 with first mother veto
Ohio-- with first mother veto
Oklahoma--for adoptees born after 1/1/97 with first mother veto
Oregon
Pennsylvania--with first mother redaction if she requests
Rhode Island
Tennessee
Vermont--with restrictions
Washington--with first mother veto

The following sites may have more current information: Adoption Search and Reunion and The American Adoption Congress

Finding Legal Help
American Bar Association

Searching for a Loved One Lost to Adoption
Department of Health and Human Services, Child Welfare Information Gateway

American Adoption Congress

Bastard Nation

Reunion Support
American Adoption Congress

Concerned United Birthparents

International Soundex Reunion Registry -- Free registry which connects people when a match is found.








2 comments :

  1. Thank you for your forum. It allowed me a good cry.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Excellent forum. I was a black market baby, adopted at birth and my parents never intended me to know I was anything other than their biological child. When I found out, at age 12, it shattered the trust in the family, and the topic remained taboo, not to be discussed ever. This made me a wild, rebellious teenager. There now exists a miracle for adoptees kept in the dark by archaic laws-- DNA. Through DNA I found a full blood sister and 2 half siblings, along with the backstory I was so desperate for. I urge all adoptees who are searching, either for blood family or just the truth about where they came from to do DNA.

    ReplyDelete

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